Indian Journal of ECMO

Register      Login

SEARCH WITHIN CONTENT

FIND ARTICLE

Volume / Issue

Online First

Related articles

VOLUME 1 , ISSUE 3-4 ( July-December, 2023 ) > List of Articles

Review Paper

Evolution of Extracorporeal Membrane Oxygenation: Part 3 – The Stepping Stones to Success in the History of Cardiopulmonary Bypass

Suneel Kumar Pooboni

Keywords : Brunkhonencko, Cardiopulmonary bypass, Evolution, Extracorporeal membrane oxygenation, History, John Gibbon, Walton Lillehei

Citation Information : Pooboni SK. Evolution of Extracorporeal Membrane Oxygenation: Part 3 – The Stepping Stones to Success in the History of Cardiopulmonary Bypass. Indian J ECMO 2023; 1 (3-4):86-89.

DOI: 10.5005/jaypee-journals-11011-0017

License: CC BY-NC 4.0

Published Online: 12-01-2024

Copyright Statement:  Copyright © 2023; The Author(s).


Abstract

The story of the “Evolution of Extracorporeal Membrane Oxygenation (ECMO)” continues after the previous edition. In the 17th century, Robert Hooke was the first to conceptualize a process similar to ECMO. Many researchers and clinicians worked hard throughout the 19th and 20th centuries to build systems supporting gas exchange over a thin film of blood. Brukhonenko from Russia is worth mentioning as the system he built, called an “autojector” came close to the expectations of replacing the lung with a mechanical gas exchange system. All the experiments so far were on animals till Dr John Gibbon, in 1953, first used the heart–lung machine he made on a case of the atrial septal defect (ASD) for cardiac bypass. In 1954, Dr Walton Lillehei introduced the practice of controlled cross-circulation using a child with his biological parents.


HTML PDF Share
  1. Norman R. 100 years. Looking back. Skill, drive and luck: The discovery and development of heparin. CMAJ 2011;183(18):2139–2140. DOI: 10.1503/cmaj.111795.
  2. McLean J. The discovery of heparin. Circulation 1959;19(1):75–78. DOI: 10.1161/01.cir.19.1.75.
  3. Wikepedia – The Free Encyclopedia. William Henry Howell. Available at: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/William_Henry_Howell. Accessed on: 19 September 2023.
  4. Wikepedia – The Free Encyclopedia. Jay McLean. Available at: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Jay_McLean. Accessed on: 19 September 2023.
  5. Howell WH, McDonald CH. Note on the effect of repeated intravascular injections of heparin. Bull Johns Hopkins Hosp 1930;46:365. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/s0002-8703(30)90102-0.
  6. Best CH. Preparation of heparin and its use in the first clinical cases. Circulation 1959;19(1);79–86.
  7. Wikepedia – The Free Encyclopedia. Erik Jorpes. Available at: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Erik_Jorpes#/media/File:Erik_Jorpes.jpg. Accessed on: 1 September 2023.
  8. Stoney WS. Evolution of cardiopulmonary bypass circulation. 2009;119(21):2844–2853. DOI: 10.1161/circulationAHA.108.830174.
  9. Gross RE, Hubbard JP. Landmark article Feb 25, 1939: Surgical ligation of a patent ductus arteriosus. Report of first successful case. By Robert E Gross and John P Hubbard. JAMA 1984;51(9):1201–1202. DOI: 10.1001/jama.251.9.1201.
  10. Crafoord C, Nylin G. Congenital coarctation of the aorta and its surgical treatment. J Thorac Surg 1945;14(5):347–361. DOI: 10.1016/S0096-5588(20)31801-8.
  11. Blalock A, Taussig HB. Landmark article May 19, 1945: The surgical treatment of malformations of the heart in which there is pulmonary stenosis or pulmonary atresia. By Alfred Blalock and Helen B Taussig. JAMA 1945;128:189–202. JAMA 1984;251(16):2123–2138. DOI: 10.1001/jama.251.16.2123.
  12. Bailey CP. The surgical treatment of mitral stenosis (mitral commissurotomy). Dis Chest 1949;15(4):347–397. DOI: 10.1378/chest.15.4.377.
  13. Lewis FJ, Taufic M. Closure of atrial septal defects with the aid of hypothermia: Experimental accomplishments and the report of one successful case. Surgery 1953;33(1):52–59. PMID: 13015312.
  14. Gravlee GP, Davis RF, Utley JR. Cardiopulmonary Bypass: Principles and Practice, 2nd edition. Philadelphia: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins, 2000, p. 5.
  15. Punjabi PP, Taylor KM. The science and practice of cardiopulmonary bypass: From cross-circulation to ECMO and SIRS. Glob Cardiol Sci Pract 2013;2013(3):249–260. DOI: 10.5339/gcsp.2013.32.
  16. Wikepedia – The Free Encyclopedia. Richard DeWall. Available at: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Richard_DeWall. Accessed on: 19 September 2023.
  17. Berne RM, Cross FS, Hirose Y, et al. Evaluation of a rotating disk-type reservoir oxygenator. Proc Soc Exp Biol Med 1956;93(2):210–214. DOI: 10.3181/00379727-93-22710.
PDF Share
PDF Share

© Jaypee Brothers Medical Publishers (P) LTD.